FAQ – Actizyme Bacterial Information

FAQ on Bacteria/Enzymes

  1. What Types of enzymes and bacteria are used in Actizyme Pellets?  Enzymes are, protease, amylase, lipase and cellulase. The bacteria are usually derived from Bacillus species.
  2. What are these bacteria/Enzymes typically used for? A combination of enzymes and bacteria are used to break down proteins, starch, fats and cellulose.  Once established the bacteria in the Actizyme produce their own enzymes to continue the breakdown of waste.
  3. What type of bacteria are used in Actizyme? The Actizyme bacteria are usually derived from Bacillus species that are Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS).
  4. How are they made and where do they occur naturally? Enzymes are produced by the fermentation of naturally occurring and selected strains of bacteria and fungi that are known to produce these enzymes. All of the enzymes in the Actizyme formulations are non-GM derived. Bacteria are cultured and grown in fermenters to the required concentration.
  5. What are the typical “food” for the bacteria and enzymes? Proteins, starch, fats and Cellulose (Cellulose plant fibre is the most difficult to break down).

FAQ on Performance Characteristics of Actizyme bacteria

  • What is the lifetime of Actizyme bacteria – what influences this? If supplied with all the appropriate nutrients bacteria will continue to grow and multiply. Bacterial growth is affected by temperature and Ph levels. Bacteria are often washed away, and hence regular dosing is required.
  • Reproduction rate – what influences this? With the appropriate nutrients bacteria can double every 20 minutes
  • Bacteria start as a spore – How long until they are active bacteria?  Around 1 hour on average.
  • How does Temperature affect activity of the bacteria? Optimum temperature for bacteria is about 25-37oC,  but they will work (slower) at lower temperatures. (It is best not to go above 45 oC) Hence it is best to dose as close to the source of the waste product as possible.
  • How are  Actizyme bacteria affected by different Ph levels? – The optimum pH for bacteria is normally 6.0-7.5
  • What are the effects of other chemicals? Sodium hypochlorite (Domestos, White King, etc) and other strong oxidants like chlorine dioxide and hydrogen peroxide will destroy enzymes and bacteria. Quaternary ammonia compounds and high concentrations of alcohol will destroy the bacteria in Actizyme
  • What other factors can inhibit effectiveness? High doses of sodium metabisulphite will destroy bacteria and inhibit enzyme action.
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